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Journal Article

Glottocodes: identifiers linking families, languages and dialects


Forkel,  Robert       
Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

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Forkel, R., & Hammarström, H. (2021). Glottocodes: identifiers linking families, languages and dialects. Semantics Web Journal, 2685-3899. Retrieved from http://www.semantic-web-journal.net/content/glottocodes-identifiers-linking-families-languages-and-dialects.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-7AF3-D
Glottocodes constitute the backbone identification system for the language, dialect and family inventory Glottolog
(https://glottolog.org). In this paper, we summarize the motivation and history behind the system of glottocodes and describe the
principles and practices of data curation, technical infrastructure and update/version-tracking systematics. Since our understanding
of the target domain—the dialects, languages and language families of the entire world—is continually evolving, changes
and updates are relatively common. The resulting data is assessed in terms of the FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable,
Reusable) Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship. As such the glottocode-system responds to an
important challenge in the realm of Linguistic Linked Data with numerous NLP applications.