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Journal Article

Vasopressin anti-idiotypic antibody staining in the rat brain: colocalization with [35S] [pGlu4, Cyt6]AVP(4-9) binding sites


Fahrenholz,  Falk
Emeritusgroup Physical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Jurzak, M., Fahrenholz, F., & Gerstberger (1993). Vasopressin anti-idiotypic antibody staining in the rat brain: colocalization with [35S] [pGlu4, Cyt6]AVP(4-9) binding sites. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 5(5), 523-531. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2826.1993.tb00517.x.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-A550-3
Vasopressin and its fragment peptides such as [pGlu4, Cyt6]AVP(4-9) represent putative neuromodulators within central nervous homeostatic, memory and behavioural circuits. To localize their central receptor systems, the previously characterized monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibody mAb 237 was employed in immunocytological investigations of rat brain tissue sections. This antibody was raised to the monoclonal idiotypic anti-AVP antibody mAb 113 which preferentially binds to the acyclic C-terminal portion of the AVP molecule and is therefore also capable of binding the naturally occurring AVP(4-9) fragment. Immunoreactive magnocellular neurones were detected in the AVP-synthesizing supraoptic but not paraventricular nuclei. Dense staining was observed within circumventricular organs lacking a blood-brain barrier (BBB). These structures include the subfornical organ, the organum vasculosum laminae terminalis, the internal layer of the median eminence, the body of the pineal gland, the choroid plexus and the area postrema, where immunoreactivity was found on capillaries, neurones and fibres. Further staining was found in the nucleus of the solitari tract and the arcuate nucleus, endowed with a leaky BBB. Distinct cell patches in the ependymal lining of the third ventricle as well as dendritic processes of juxtaependymal neurones were labelled by the anti-idiotypic antibody mAb 237. The observed staining pattern did not parallel that obtained in autoradiographic studies performed using either radiolabelled AVP or a V1-receptor antagonist, but that found with the [35S]-labelled AVP(4-9) fragment. Using [35S]-labelled AVP(4-9) fragment, specific high density binding sites could be localized autoradiographically in structures within and outside the BBB, in complete agreement with the anti-idiotypic immunoreactivity. Since the anti-idiotypic methodology is based on transfer of complementary structures, and the epitope recognized by the corresponding idiotypic antibody resembles the sequence of AVP(4-9), the anti-idiotypic antibodies might recognize the AVP(4-9) receptor with high affinity.