English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Paper

The Roots of Cooperation

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons217954

Bašić,  Zvonimir
Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons217960

Romano,  Angelo
Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons206813

Sutter,  Matthias
Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons226308

Claudia,  Zoller
Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Max Planck Society;

External Resource
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts stored in PuRe
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Bašić, Z., Bindra, P. C., Glätzle-Rützler, D., Romano, A., Sutter, M., & Claudia, Z. (2021). The Roots of Cooperation.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-AD80-4
Abstract
Understanding the roots of human cooperation among strangers is of great importance for solving pressing social dilemmas and maintening public goods in human societies. We study the development of cooperation in 929 young children, aged 3 to 6. In a unified experimental framework, we examine which of three fundamental pillars of human cooperation – direct and indirect reciprocity as well as third-party punishment – emerges earliest as an effective means to increase cooperation in a repeated prisoner’s dilemma game. We find that third-party punishment exhibits a strikingly positive effect on cooperation rates by doubling them in comparison to a control condition. It promotes cooperative behavior even before punishment of defectors is applied. Children also engage in reciprocating others, showing that reciprocity strategies are already prevalent at a very young age. However, direct and indirect reciprocity treatments do not increase overall cooperation rates, as young children fail to anticipate the benefits of reputation building. We also show that the cognitive skills of children and the socioeconomic background of parents play a vital role in the early development of human cooperation.