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Journal Article

Kinetic phase diagram for CO oxidation on Pt(210): Pattern formation in the hysteresis and oscillation regions


Berdau,  Martin
Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;


Karpowicz,  Andrzej
Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;
Technical University of Wrocław;


Yelenin,  Georgii G.
Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;
Moscow State University, Department of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics, Laboratory for Mathematical Modeling in Physics;


Block,  Jochen H.
Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Berdau, M., Karpowicz, A., Yelenin, G. G., Christmann, K., & Block, J. H. (1997). Kinetic phase diagram for CO oxidation on Pt(210): Pattern formation in the hysteresis and oscillation regions. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 106(10), 4291-4308. doi:10.1063/1.473131.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-B687-2
The reactive behavior of catalytic CO oxidation on Pt(210) is studied by means of combined reaction rate measurements and photoelectron emission microscopy (PEEM). These methods allow an investigation of the phenomena at macroscopic and mesoscopic level, respectively. The external control parameters (flow rate, CO and oxygen partial pressures, surface temperature and scanning rates of pressure and temperature) are systematically varied to reveal various reactive regions in parameter space. The macroscopic measurements for a given temperature and flow rate (under isothermal conditions) show that lower pressures lead to a pronounced clockwise hysteresis in the production rate of CO2, while increasing pressures cause a systematic narrowing leading to a crossing of the two hysteresis branches into a region of counterclockwise hysteresis. A further pressure increase leads to macroscopic temporal oscillations. Mesoscopic spatiotemporal oscillations appear at the same conditions. The resulting macroscopic isothermal kinetic phase diagram exhibits a cross-shaped characteristic similar to that previously obtained for the Pd(110) surface. The mesoscopic lateral distribution of CO and oxygen adsorbed on the surface is monitored with the photoelectron emission microscope during the reaction at isothermal conditions and different constant oxygen pressures. The observed mesoscopic spatiotemporal patterns, such as islands, waves, target patterns and spirals, are correlated via the external control parameters with different regions in the macroscopic isothermal phase diagram. The results are compared with previous data of CO oxidation on other surfaces, like Pd(110) and Pt(110).