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Supermassive Black Hole feedback in early type galaxies


Churazov,  E.
High Energy Astrophysics, MPI for Astrophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Forman, W., Jones, C., Bogdan, A., Kraft, R., Churazov, E., Randall, S., et al. (2021). Supermassive Black Hole feedback in early type galaxies. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/S1743921320004081.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-C338-D
Optically luminous early type galaxies host X-ray luminous, hot atmospheres. These hot atmospheres, which we refer to as coronae, undergo the same cooling and feedback processes as are commonly found in their more massive cousins, the gas rich atmospheres of galaxy groups and galaxy clusters. In particular, the hot coronae around galaxies radiatively cool and show cavities in X-ray images that are filled with relativistic plasma originating from jets powered by supermassive black holes (SMBH) at the galaxy centers. We discuss the SMBH feedback using an X-ray survey of early type galaxies carried out using Chandra X-ray Observatory observations. Early type galaxies with coronae very commonly have weak X-ray active nuclei and have associated radio sources. Based on the enthalpy of observed cavities in the coronae, there is sufficient energy to “balance” the observed radiative cooling. There are a very few remarkable examples of optically faint galaxies that are 1) unusually X-ray luminous, 2) have large dark matter halo masses, and 3) have large SMBHs (e.g., NGC4342 and NGC4291). These properties suggest that, in some galaxies, star formation may have been truncated at early times, breaking the simple scaling relations.