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A platform for brain-wide volumetric functional ultrasound imaging and analysis of circuit dynamics in awake mice

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Macé,  Emilie
Max Planck Research Group: Brain-Wide Circuits for Behavior / Macé, MPI of Neurobiology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Brunner, C., Grillet, M., Sans-Dublanc, A., Farrow, K., Lambert, T., Macé, E., et al. (2020). A platform for brain-wide volumetric functional ultrasound imaging and analysis of circuit dynamics in awake mice. Neuron, 108(5), 861-875.e7. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2020.09.020.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-C87B-D
Abstract
Imaging large-scale circuit dynamics is crucial to understanding brain function, but most techniques have a limited depth of field. Here, we describe volumetric functional ultrasound imaging (vfUSl), a platform for brain-wide vfUSl of hemodynamic activity in awake head-fixed mice. We combined a high-frequency 1,024-channel 2D-array transducer with advanced multiplexing and high-performance computing for real-time 3D power Doppler imaging at a high spatiotemporal resolution (220 x 280 x 175 mu m(3), up to 6 Hz). We developed a standardized software pipeline for registration, segmentation, and temporal analysis in 268 individual brain regions based on the Allen Mouse Common Coordinate Framework. We demonstrated the high sensitivity of vfUSl under multiple experimental conditions, and we successfully imaged stimulus-evoked activity when only a few trials were averaged. We also mapped neural circuits in vivo across the whole brain during optogenetic activation of specific cell types. Moreover, we identified the sequential activation of sensory-motor networks during a grasping water-droplet task.