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Journal Article

From transition paths to transition states and rate coefficients

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Hummer, G. (2004). From transition paths to transition states and rate coefficients. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 120(2), 516-523. doi:10.1063/1.1630572.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-DFC2-2
Transition states are defined as points in configuration space with the highest probability that trajectories passing through them are reactive (i.e., form transition paths between reactants and products). In the high-friction (diffusive) limit of Langevin dynamics, the resulting ensemble of transition states is shown to coincide with the separatrix formed by points of equal commitment (or splitting) probabilities for reaching the product and reactant regions. Transition states according to the new criterion can be identified directly from equilibrium trajectories, or indirectly by calculating probability densities in the equilibrium and transition-path ensembles using umbrella and transition-path sampling, respectively. An algorithm is proposed to calculate rate coefficients from the transition-path and equilibrium ensembles by estimating the frequency of transitions between reactants and products.