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Tuning the UV/Vis Absorption Spectra of Electrochromic Small Molecular Radicals Through Bridge Modulation

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Wang,  Zikuan
Research Group Manganas, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Yu, L., Shi, M., Wang, Z., Xing, X., Ali, M. U., He, Y., et al. (2021). Tuning the UV/Vis Absorption Spectra of Electrochromic Small Molecular Radicals Through Bridge Modulation. ChemPhysChem, 22(16), 1684-1691. doi:10.1002/cphc.202100369.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-1535-4
Abstract
Studies on the optical properties of donor-bridge-acceptor (DBA) materials in their radical anion state are rare but important. Such investigations can help to extend the application of DBA materials to opto-electrochemical devices and no longer limit them to optical physics research. In this work, a series of new DBA materials, TACzs, for overcoming this limitation are reported. All TACzs show strong intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) in their photoexcited states, leading to noticeable solvatochromism. Besides, the electronic structures of their radical anions show great variability, displaying different absorption spectra and diverse colors. Moreover, the potential application of TACzs as electrochromic and electro-fluorochromic materials are discussed. This work demonstrates that manipulating the π bridge between the donor and acceptor in the DBA system is an effective pathway not only to tailor the ICT properties of materials in their neutral state, but also to tune the absorption characteristics of their radical anion state, which makes them very promising for applications in electroluminescent and electrochemical devices.