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On the structural transformation of the reconstructed Pt(100) in electrolyte solutions

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Zei,  Mau-Scheng
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Ertl,  Gerhard
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Zei, M.-S., & Ertl, G. (1999). On the structural transformation of the reconstructed Pt(100) in electrolyte solutions. Surface Science, 442(1), 19-26. doi:10.1016/S0039-6028(99)00806-7.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-F69F-0
Abstract
It is demonstrated by a combined electrochemical, LEED, RHEED and AES study that the reconstructed Pt(100) surface is stable in aqueous electrolytes under certain potential conditions. The reconstructed Pt(100) surface has higher stability ranges than Au(100) in both 0.01 M H2SO4 (0.6 V) and 0.01 M HClO4 (1.1 V). The reconstructed Au(100) surface is uniformly transformed into the (1×1) phase in both H2SO4 and HClO4 solutions, whereas with Pt(100) this happens only in H4SO2 at 1.0 V. The latter surface is not uniformly deconstructed in 0.01 M HClO4, even up to 1.1 V. The stability range is drastically reduced in the presence of Cl (0.01 mM), and the (5×1) phase does not survive in a 0.1 mM HCl solution. Electrochemical annealing such as at Au in the presence of Cl was not found at Pt(100)-(1×1) after lifting of reconstruction, whereas a well-ordered array of <011> steps/rows with a mean spacing of 2.8 nm (2×5-fold periodicity of a reconstructed Pt(100)) developed. This is an intermediate structure formed by the Pt phase transition (5×1)→(1×1) in electrolytes.