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SN 2017gci: a nearby Type I Superluminous Supernova with a bumpy tail

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Chen,  T.-W.
High Energy Astrophysics, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Rau,  A.
High Energy Astrophysics, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Fiore, A., Chen, T.-W., Jerkstrand, A., Benetti, S., Ciolfi, R., Inserra, C., et al. (2021). SN 2017gci: a nearby Type I Superluminous Supernova with a bumpy tail. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 502(2), 2120-2139. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa4035.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-2341-6
Abstract
We present and discuss the optical spectrophotometric observations of the nearby (z = 0.087) Type I superluminous supernova (SLSN I) SN 2017gci, whose peak K-corrected absolute magnitude reaches Mg = −21.5 mag. Its photometric and spectroscopic evolution includes features of both slow- and of fast-evolving SLSN I, thus favoring a continuum distribution between the two SLSN-I subclasses. In particular, similarly to other SLSNe I, the multiband light curves (LCs) of SN 2017gci show two re-brightenings at about 103 and 142 d after the maximum light. Interestingly, this broadly agrees with a broad emission feature emerging around 6520 Å after ∼51 d from the maximum light, which is followed by a sharp knee in the LC. If we interpret this feature as Hα, this could support the fact that the bumps are the signature of late interactions of the ejecta with a (hydrogen-rich) circumstellar material. Then we fitted magnetar- and CSM-interaction-powered synthetic LCs on to the bolometric one of SN 2017gci. In the magnetar case, the fit suggests a polar magnetic field Bp ≃ 6 × 1014 G, an initial period of the magnetar Pinitial ≃ 2.8 ms, an ejecta mass Mejecta≃9M and an ejecta opacity κ≃0.08cm2g−1⁠. A CSM-interaction scenario would imply a CSM mass ≃5M and an ejecta mass ≃12M⁠. Finally, the nebular spectrum of phase + 187 d was modeled, deriving a mass of ∼10M for the ejecta. Our models suggest that either a magnetar or CSM interaction might be the power sources for SN 2017gci and that its progenitor was a massive (⁠40M⁠) star.