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The impact of organic pollutants from Indonesian peatland fires on the tropospheric and lower stratospheric composition

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Pozzer,  Andrea
Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Rosanka, S., Franco, B., Clarisse, L., Coheur, P.-F., Pozzer, A., Wahner, A., et al. (2021). The impact of organic pollutants from Indonesian peatland fires on the tropospheric and lower stratospheric composition. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21(14), 11257-11288. doi:10.5194/acp-21-11257-2021.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-2B8E-8
Abstract
The particularly strong dry season in Indonesia in 2015, caused by an exceptionally strong El Niño, led to severe peatland fires resulting in high volatile organic compound (VOC) biomass burning emissions. At the same time, the developing Asian monsoon anticyclone (ASMA) and the general upward transport in the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) efficiently transported the resulting primary and secondary pollutants to the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS). In this study, we assess the importance of these VOC emissions for the composition of the lower troposphere and the UTLS and investigate the effect of in-cloud oxygenated VOC (OVOC) oxidation during such a strong pollution event. This is achieved by performing multiple chemistry simulations using the global atmospheric model ECHAM/MESSy (EMAC). By comparing modelled columns of the biomass burning marker hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and carbon monoxide (CO) to spaceborne measurements from the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI), we find that EMAC properly captures the exceptional strength of the Indonesian fires.