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Journal Article

Phonological encoding in Vietnamese: An experimental investigation


Verdonschot,  Rinus G.
Neurobiology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;
Graduate School of Humanities, Nagoya University;

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Verdonschot, R. G., Phu'o'ng, H. T. L., & Tamaoka, K. (2022). Phonological encoding in Vietnamese: An experimental investigation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 75(7), 1355-1366. doi:10.1177/17470218211053244.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-2DF2-4
In English, Dutch, and other Germanic languages the initial phonological unit used in word production has been shown to be the phoneme; conversely, others have revealed that in Chinese this is the atonal syllable and in Japanese the mora. The current paper is, to our knowledge, the first to report chronometric data on Vietnamese phonological encoding. Vietnamese, a tonal language, is of interest as, despite its Austroasiatic roots, it has clear similarities with Chinese through extended contact over a prolonged period. Four experiments (i.e., masked priming, phonological Stroop, picture naming with written distractors, picture naming with auditory distractors) have been conducted to investigate Vietnamese phonological encoding. Results show that in all four experiments both onset effects as well as whole syllable effects emerge. This indicates that the fundamental phonological encoding unit during Vietnamese language production is the phoneme despite its apparent similarities to Chinese. This result might have emerged due to tone assignment being a qualitatively different process in Vietnamese compared to Chinese.