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Journal Article

Interaction-driven transition between the Wigner crystal and the fractional Chern insulator in topological flat bands

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Jaworowski,  Blazej
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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2105.05488.pdf
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Citation

Kupczynski, M., Jaworowski, B., & Wojs, A. (2021). Interaction-driven transition between the Wigner crystal and the fractional Chern insulator in topological flat bands. Physical Review B, 104(8): 085107. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.104.085107.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-43CE-4
Abstract
We investigate an interaction-driven transition between crystalline and liquid states of strongly correlated spinless fermions within topological flat bands at low density (with filling factors nu = 1/5, 1/7, 1/9). Using exact diagonalization for finite-size systems with periodic boundary conditions, we distinguish different phases, whose stability depends on the interaction range, controlled by the screening parameter of the Coulomb interaction. The crystalline phases are identified by a crystallization strength, calculated from the Fourier transforms of pair correlation density, while the fractional Chern insulator (FCI) phases are characterized using momentum counting rules, entanglement spectrum, and overlaps with corresponding fractional quantum Hall states. The type of the phase depends on a particular single-particle model and its topological properties. We show that for nu = 1/7 and 1/5 it is possible to tune between theWigner crystal and fractional Chern insulator phase in the kagome lattice model with the band carrying the Chern number C = 1. In contrast, in the C = 2 models, the Wigner crystallization was absent at nu = 1/5, and appeared at nu = 1/9, suggesting that C = 2 FCIs are more stable against