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Parametric Toricity of Steady State Varieties of Reaction Networks

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Rahkooy,  Hamid
Automation of Logic, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

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Sturm,  Thomas
Automation of Logic, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

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arXiv:2105.10853.pdf
(Preprint), 600KB

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Citation

Rahkooy, H., & Sturm, T. (2021). Parametric Toricity of Steady State Varieties of Reaction Networks. Retrieved from https://arxiv.org/abs/2105.10853.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-4B11-0
Abstract
We study real steady state varieties of the dynamics of chemical reaction networks. The dynamics are derived using mass action kinetics with parametric reaction rates. The models studied are not inherently parametric in nature. Rather, our interest in parameters is motivated by parameter uncertainty, as reaction rates are typically either measured with limited precision or estimated. We aim at detecting toricity and shifted toricity, using a framework that has been recently introduced and studied for the non-parametric case over both the real and the complex numbers. While toricity requires that the variety specifies a subgroup of the direct power of the multiplicative group of the underlying field, shifted toricity requires only a coset. In the non-parametric case these requirements establish real decision problems. In the presence of parameters we must go further and derive necessary and sufficient conditions in the parameters for toricity or shifted toricity to hold. Technically, we use real quantifier elimination methods. Our computations on biological networks here once more confirm shifted toricity as a relevant concept, while toricity holds only for degenerate parameter choices.