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Impact of magneto-rotational instability on grain growth in protoplanetary disks - II. Increased grain collisional velocities

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Gong,  Munan
Center for Astrochemical Studies at MPE, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Ivlev,  Alexej V.
Center for Astrochemical Studies at MPE, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Caselli,  Paola
Center for Astrochemical Studies at MPE, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Gong, M., Ivlev, A. V., Akimkin, V., & Caselli, P. (2021). Impact of magneto-rotational instability on grain growth in protoplanetary disks - II. Increased grain collisional velocities. The Astrophysical Journal, 917(2): 82. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac0ce8.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-5092-7
Abstract
Turbulence is the dominant source of collisional velocities for grains with a wide range of sizes in protoplanetary disks. So far, only Kolmogorov turbulence has been considered for calculating grain collisional velocities, despite the evidence that turbulence in protoplanetary disks may be non-Kolmogorov. In this work, we present calculations of grain collisional velocities for arbitrary turbulence models characterized by power-law spectra and determined by three dimensionless parameters: the slope of the kinetic energy spectrum, the slope of the autocorrelation time, and the Reynolds number. The implications of our results are illustrated by numerical simulations of the grain size evolution for different turbulence models. We find that for the modeled cases of the Iroshnikov–Kraichnan turbulence and the turbulence induced by the magnetorotational instabilities, collisional velocities of small grains are much larger than those for the standard Kolmogorov turbulence. This leads to faster grain coagulation in the outer regions of protoplanetary disks, resulting in rapid increase of dust opacity in millimeter wavelength and possibly promoting planet formation in very young disks.