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Journal Article

Quantum Hall effect originated from helical edge states in Cd3As2


Liu,  Tianyu
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Chen, R., Wang, C. M., Liu, T., Lu, H.-Z., & Xie, X. C. (2021). Quantum Hall effect originated from helical edge states in Cd3As2. Physical Review Research, 3(3): 033227. doi:10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.033227.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-5A1F-1
The recent experimental observations of the quantum Hall effect in three-dimensional (3D) topological semimetals have attracted great attention, but there are still debates on its origin. We systematically study the dependence of the quantum Hall effect in topological semimetals on the thickness, Fermi energy, and growth direction, taking into account the contributions from the Fermi-arc surface states, confinement-induced bulk subbands, and helical side-surface edge states. In particular, we focus on the intensively studied Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 and its slabs grown along experimentally accessible directions, including [001], [110], and [112]. We reveal an ignored mechanism from the Zeeman splitting of the helical edge states, which along with Fermi-arc 3D quantum Hall effect, may give a nonmonotonic dependence of the Hall conductance plateaus on the magnetic field in the most experimentally studied [112] direction slab. Our results will be insightful for exploring the quantum Hall effects beyond two dimensions.