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Iron Metabolism, Hepcidin, and Mortality (the Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health Study)

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Mueller-Myhsok,  Bertram
RG Statistical Genetics, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Grammer, T. B., Scharnagl, H., Dressel, A., Kleber, M. E., Silbernagel, G., Pilz, S., et al. (2019). Iron Metabolism, Hepcidin, and Mortality (the Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health Study). CLINICAL CHEMISTRY, 65(7), 849-861. doi:10.1373/clinchem.2018.297242.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-7261-9
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Anemia has been shown to be a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and mortality, whereas the role of iron metabolism remains controversial.
METHODS: We analyzed iron metabolism and its associations with cardiovascular death and total mortality in patients undergoing coronary angiography with a median follow-up of 9.9 years. Hemoglobin and iron status were determined in 1480 patients with stable CAD and in 682 individuals in whom significant CAD had been excluded by angiography.
RESULTS: Multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for total mortality in the lowest quartiles of iron, transferrin saturation, ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), and hemoglobin were 1.22 (95% CI, 0.96-1.60), 1.23 (95% CI, 0.97-1.56), 1.27 (95% CI, 1.02-1.58), 1.26 (95% CI, 0.97-1.65), and 0.99 (95% CI, 0.79-1.24), respectively, compared to the second or third quartile, which served as reference (1.00) because of a J-shaped association. The corresponding HRs for total mortality in the highest quartiles were 1.44 (95% CI, 1.10-1.87), 1.37 (95% CI, 1.05-1.77), 1.17 (95% CI, 0.92-1.50), 1.76 (95% CI, 1.39 -2.22), and 0.83 (95% CI, 0.63-1.09). HRs for cardiovascular death were similar. For hepcidin, the adjusted HRs for total mortality and cardiovascular deaths were 0.62 (95% CI, 0.49-0.78) and 0.70 (95% CI, 0.52-0.90) in the highest quartile compared to the lowest one.
CONCLUSIONS: In stable patients undergoing angiography, serum iron, transferrin saturation, sTfR, and ferritin had J-shaped associations and hemoglobin only a marginal association with cardiovascular and total mortality. Hepcidin was continuously and inversely related to mortality. (C) 2019 American Association for Clinical Chemistry