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The CRP-like transcriptional regulator MrpC curbs c-di-GMP and 3,3 cGAMP nucleotide levels during development in Myxococcus xanthus

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Kuzmich,  Sofya
Bacterial Adaption and Differentiation, Department of Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Sogaard-Andersen,  Lotte
Bacterial Adaption and Differentiation, Department of Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Kuzmich, S., Blumenkamp, P., Meier, D., Goesmann, A., Becker, A., & Sogaard-Andersen, L. (2021). The CRP-like transcriptional regulator MrpC curbs c-di-GMP and 3,3 cGAMP nucleotide levels during development in Myxococcus xanthus. bioRxiv.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-5D68-B
Abstract
Myxococcus xanthus has a nutrient-regulated biphasic lifecycle forming predatory swarms in the presence of nutrients and spore-filled fruiting bodies in the absence of nutrients. The second messenger c-di-GMP is essential during both stages of the lifecycle; however, different enzymes involved in c-di-GMP synthesis and degradation as well as several c-di-GMP receptors are important during distinct lifecycle stages. To address this stage specificity, we determined transcript levels using RNA-seq and transcription start sites using Cappable-seq during growth and development at a genome-wide scale. All 70 genes encoding c-di-GMP associated proteins were expressed, with 28 up-regulated and 10 down-regulated during development. In particular, the three genes encoding enzymatically active proteins with a stage-specific function were expressed stage-specifically. By combining operon mapping with published ChIP-seq data for MrpC (Robinson et al., 2014), the CRP-like master regulator of development, we identified nine developmentally regulated genes as regulated by MrpC. In particular, MrpC directly represses expression of dmxB, which encodes the diguanylate cyclase DmxB that is essential for development and responsible for the c-di-GMP increase during development. Moreover, MrpC directly activates transcription of pmxA, which encodes a bifunctional phosphodiesterase that degrades c-di-GMP and 3,3 cGAMP in vitro and is essential for development. Thereby, MrpC regulates and curbs the cellular pools of c-di-GMP and 3,3 cGAMP during development. We conclude that temporal regulation of the synthesis of proteins involved in c-di-GMP metabolism contributes to c-di-GMP signaling specificity. MrpC is important for this regulation, thereby being a key regulator of developmental cyclic di-nucleotide metabolism in M. xanthus.Competing Interest StatementThe authors have declared no competing interest.