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Quantum computer-aided design of quantum optics hardware

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Kottmann, J. S., Krenn, M., Kyaw, T. H., Alperin-Lea, S., & Aspuru-Guzik, A. (2021). Quantum computer-aided design of quantum optics hardware. Quantum Science and Technology, 6(3): 035010. doi:10.1088/2058-9565/abfc94.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-65D5-5
Abstract
The parameters of a quantum system grow exponentially with the number of involved quantum particles. Hence, the associated memory requirement to store or manipulate the underlying wavefunction goes well beyond the limit of the best classical computers for quantum systems composed of a few dozen particles, leading to serious challenges in their numerical simulation. This implies that the verification and design of new quantum devices and experiments are fundamentally limited to small system size. It is not clear how the full potential of large quantum systems can be exploited. Here, we present the concept of quantum computer designed quantum hardware and apply it to the field of quantum optics. Specifically, we map complex experimental hardware for high-dimensional, many-body entangled photons into a gate-based quantum circuit. We show explicitly how digital quantum simulation of Boson sampling experiments can be realized. We then illustrate how to design quantum-optical setups for complex entangled photonic systems, such as high-dimensional Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states and their derivatives. Since photonic hardware is already on the edge of quantum supremacy and the development of gate-based quantum computers is rapidly advancing, our approach promises to be a useful tool for the future of quantum device design.