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Entanglement by Path Identity

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Krenn, M., Hochrainer, A., Lahiri, M., & Zeilinger, A. (2017). Entanglement by Path Identity. Physical Review Letters, 118(8): 080401. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.080401.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-65BA-4
Abstract
Quantum entanglement is one of the most prominent features of quantum mechanics and forms the basis of quantum information technologies. Here we present a novel method for the creation of quantum entanglement in multipartite and high-dimensional systems. The two ingredients are (i) superposition of photon pairs with different origins and (ii) aligning photons such that their paths are identical. We explain the experimentally feasible creation of various classes of multiphoton entanglement encoded in polarization as well as in high-dimensional Hilbert spaces-starting only from nonentangled photon pairs. For two photons, arbitrary high-dimensional entanglement can be created. The idea of generating entanglement by path identity could also apply to quantum entities other than photons. We discovered the technique by analyzing the output of a computer algorithm. This shows that computer designed quantum experiments can be inspirations for new techniques.