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Deep learning improves macromolecule identification in 3D cellular cryo-electron tomograms

MPS-Authors
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Albert,  Sahradha
Baumeister, Wolfgang / Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Pfeffer,  Stefan
Baumeister, Wolfgang / Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Ortiz,  Julio O.
Baumeister, Wolfgang / Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Baumeister,  Wolfgang
Baumeister, Wolfgang / Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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https://rdcu.be/cE87y
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Citation

Moebel, E., Martinez-Sanchez, A., Lamm, L., Righetto, R. D., Wietrzynski, W., Albert, S., et al. (2021). Deep learning improves macromolecule identification in 3D cellular cryo-electron tomograms. Nature Methods, 18, 1386-1394. doi:10.1038/s41592-021-01275-4.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-CAC0-A
Abstract
DeepFinder is a deep learning-based tool for identifying macromolecules in cellular cryo-electron tomograms. DeepFinder performs with an accuracy comparable to expert-supervised ground truth annotations on multiple experimental datasets. Cryogenic electron tomography (cryo-ET) visualizes the 3D spatial distribution of macromolecules at nanometer resolution inside native cells. However, automated identification of macromolecules inside cellular tomograms is challenged by noise and reconstruction artifacts, as well as the presence of many molecular species in the crowded volumes. Here, we present DeepFinder, a computational procedure that uses artificial neural networks to simultaneously localize multiple classes of macromolecules. Once trained, the inference stage of DeepFinder is faster than template matching and performs better than other competitive deep learning methods at identifying macromolecules of various sizes in both synthetic and experimental datasets. On cellular cryo-ET data, DeepFinder localized membrane-bound and cytosolic ribosomes (roughly 3.2 MDa), ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase (roughly 560 kDa soluble complex) and photosystem II (roughly 550 kDa membrane complex) with an accuracy comparable to expert-supervised ground truth annotations. DeepFinder is therefore a promising algorithm for the semiautomated analysis of a wide range of molecular targets in cellular tomograms.