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Journal Article

The optimal lattice quantizer in nine dimensions


Allen,  Bruce
Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Allen, B., & Agrell, E. (2021). The optimal lattice quantizer in nine dimensions. Annalen der Physik, 2021: 2100259. doi:10.1002/andp.202100259.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-7CFC-1
The optimal lattice quantizer is the lattice which minimizes the
(dimensionless) second moment $G$. In dimensions $1$ to $8$, it has been proven
that the optimal lattice quantizer is one of the classical lattices, or there
is good evidence for this. In contrast, more than two decades ago, convincing
numerical studies showed that in dimension $9$, a non-classical lattice is
optimal. The structure and properties of this lattice depend upon a real
parameter $a>0$, whose value was only known approximately. Here, we give a full
description of this one-parameter family of lattices and their Voronoi cells,
and calculate their (scalar and tensor) second moments analytically as a
function of $a$. The value of $a$ which minimizes $G$ is an algebraic number,
defined by the root of a $9$th order polynomial, with $a \approx 0.573223794$.
For this value of $a$, the covariance matrix (second moment tensor) is
proportional to the identity, consistent with a theorem of Zamir and Feder for
optimal quantizers. The structure of the Voronoi cell depends upon $a$, and
undergoes phase transitions at $a^2 = 1/2$, $1$ and $2$, where its geometry
changes abruptly. At each transition, the analytic formula for the second
moment changes in a very simple way. Our methods can be used for arbitrary
one-parameter families of layered lattices, and may thus provide a useful tool
to identify optimal quantizers in other dimensions as well.