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Anisotropic phonon-mediated electronic transport in chiral Weyl semimetals

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Nenno,  Dennis M.
Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Garcia, C. A. C., Nenno, D. M., Varnavides, G., & Narang, P. (2021). Anisotropic phonon-mediated electronic transport in chiral Weyl semimetals. Physical Review Materials, 5(9): L091202, pp. 1-6. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.5.L091202.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-A4F6-8
Abstract
The discovery and observations of exotic, quantized optical and electrical responses have sparked renewed interest in nonmagnetic chiral crystals. Within this class of materials, six group V transition metal ditetrelides, that is, XY2 (X = V, Nb, Ta and Y = Si, Ge), host composite Weyl nodes on high-symmetry lines, with Kramers-Weyl fermions at time-reversal invariant momenta. In addition, at least two of these materials, NbGe2 and NbSi2, exhibit superconducting transitions at low temperatures. The interplay of strong electron-phonon interactions and complex Fermi-surface topology presents an opportunity to study both superconductivity and hydrodynamic electron transport in these systems. Towards this broader question, we present an ab initio theoretical study of the electronic transport and electron-phonon scattering in this family of materials, with a particular focus on NbGe2 vs NbSi2, and the other group V ditetrelides. We shed light on the microscopic origin of NbGe2's large and anisotropic room-temperature resistivity and contextualize its strong electron-phonon scattering with a presentation of other relevant scattering lifetimes, both momentum relaxing and momentum conserving. Our work explores the intriguing possibility of observing hydrodynamic electron transport in these chiral Weyl semimetals.