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Journal Article

Laser‐induced desorption of NO from NiO(100): Ab initio calculations of potential surfaces for intermediate excited states

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Klüner, T., Freund, H.-J., Freitag, J., & Staemmler, V. (1996). Laser‐induced desorption of NO from NiO(100): Ab initio calculations of potential surfaces for intermediate excited states. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 104(24): 10030. doi:10.1063/1.471747.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-BCC6-4
In order to interpret the experimental results of the state resolved UV‐laser‐induced desorption of NO from NiO(100) (rotational and vibrational populations, velocity distributions of the desorbing NO molecules, etc.), we have performed ab initio complete active space self‐consistent field (CASSCF) and configuration interaction (CI) calculations for the interaction potential between NO and the NiO(100) surface in the electronic ground state and for those excited states which are involved in the desorption process. The NiO(100)–NO distance and the tilt angle between the NO axis and the surface normal have been varied. A cluster model containing a NiO8−5‐cluster embedded in a Madelung potential has been used for representing the NiO(100) surface. The excited states which are important for the desorption process, are charge transfer states of the substrate–adsorbate system, in which one electron is transferred from the surface into the NO‐2π‐orbital. The potential curves of these excited charge transfer states show deep minima (4 eV–5 eV) at surface/NO distances which are smaller than that in the ground state. The angular dependence of these potentials behaves similar as in the ground state. A semiempirical correction to the calculated excitation energies has been added which makes use of the bulk polarization of NiO. With this correction the charge transfer states are considerably stabilized. The lowest excitation energy amounts to about 4 eV which is in reasonable agreement with the onset of the laser desorption observed experimentally at about 3.5 eV. The density of the NO−‐like states is rather high, so that probably several excited states are involved in the desorption process. The potential energy curves for all of these states are quite similar, but the transitions from the ground state into different excited charge transfer states show strongly differing oscillator strengths, which are also strongly dependent on the surface/NO distance. This fact is important for the dynamics of the deexcitation process in the sense of a selection criterion for the states involved. The magnitude of the oscillator strengths is large in comparison with the excitation of NO in the gas phase, which might be an indication for the possibility of optical excitation processes. One dimensional wave packet calculations on two potential energy curves using fixed lifetimes for the excited state in each calculation have been performed and enable us to estimate the mean lifetime of the excited state to be 15 fs≤τ≤25 fs. This implies that the dynamics of the system is dominated by the attractive part of the excited state potential.