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Journal Article

The trkB tyrosine protein kinase is a receptor for neurotrophin-4

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Klein, R., Lamballe, F., Bryant, S., & Barbacid, M. (1992). The trkB tyrosine protein kinase is a receptor for neurotrophin-4. Neuron, 8(5), 947-956. doi:10.1016/0896-6273(92)90209-v.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0009-E399-A
Neurotrophin-4 is a novel member of the nerve growth factor family of neurotrophins recently isolated from Xenopus and viper DNA. We now report that the Xenopus NT-4 protein (XNT-4) can mediate some of its biological properties through gp 145trkB, a murine tyrosine protein kinase previously identified as a primary receptor for the related brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). XNT-4 displaces I-125-labeled BDNF from binding to cells expressing gp 145trkB receptors, induces their rapid phosphorylation on tyrosine residues, and causes the morphologic transformation of NIH 3T3 cells when coexpressed with gp 145trkB. Moreover, XNT-4 induces the differentiation of PC12 cells into sympathetic-like neurons only if they ectopically express gp 145trkB receptors. None of these biochemical or biological effects could be observed when XNT-4 was added to cells expressing the related receptors. Replacement of one of the extracellular cysteines (Cys-345) of gp 145trkB by a serine residue prevents its activation by XNT-4 but not by BDNF. Therefore, XNT-4 and BDNF may interact with at least partially distinct domains within the gp 145trkB receptor.