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Journal Article

Quasimonoenergetic Proton Acceleration via Quantum Radiative Compression


Hatsagortsyan,  Karen Zaven
Division Prof. Dr. Christoph H. Keitel, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;


Keitel,  Christoph H.
Division Prof. Dr. Christoph H. Keitel, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Wan, F., Wang, W.-Q., Zhao, Q., Zhang, H., Yu, T.-P., Wang, W.-M., et al. (2022). Quasimonoenergetic Proton Acceleration via Quantum Radiative Compression. Physical Review Applied, 17(2): 024049. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.17.024049.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-03F0-3
Dense high-energy monoenergetic proton beams are vital for wide applications, thus modern laser-plasma-based ion-acceleration methods are aiming to obtain high-energy proton beams with energy spread as low as possible. In this work, we put forward a quantum radiative compression method to postcompress a highly accelerated proton beam and convert it to a dense quasimonoenergetic one. We find that when the relativistic plasma produced by radiation-pressure acceleration collides head on with an ultraintense laser beam, large-amplitude plasma oscillations are excited due to quantum radiation reaction and the ponderomotive force, which induce compression of the phase space of protons located in its acceleration phase with negative gradient. Our three-dimensional spin-resolved quantum electrodynamics (QED) particle-in-cell simulations show that hollow-structure proton beams with a peak energy approximately GeV, relative energy spread of few percents, and number Np ∼1010 (or Np ∼109 with a 1% energy spread) can be produced in near-future laser facilities, which may fulfill the requirements of alternative applications, such as, for radiography of ultrathick dense materials, or as injectors of hadron colliders.