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Journal Article

Topological phase transition in a magnetic Weyl semimetal


Liu,  D. F.
Nano-Systems from Ions, Spins and Electrons, Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;


Xu,  Y. F.
Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Liu, D. F., Xu, Q. N., Liu, E. K., Shen, J. L., Le, C. C., Li, Y. W., et al. (2021). Topological phase transition in a magnetic Weyl semimetal. Physical Review B, 104(20): 205140. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.104.205140.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-030E-4
Topological Weyl semimetals (TWSs) are exotic crystals possessing emergent relativistic Weyl fermions connected by unique surface Fermi arcs (SFAs) in their electronic structures. To realize the TWS state, certain symmetries (such as the inversion or time reversal symmetry) must be broken, leading to a topological phase transition (TPT). Despite the great importance in understanding the formation of TWSs and their unusual properties, direct observation of such a TPT has been challenging. Here, using a recently discovered magnetic TWS Co3Sn2S2, we were able to systematically study its TPT with detailed temperature dependence of the electronic structures by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. The TPT with drastic band structure evolution was clearly observed across the Curie temperature (TC = 177K), including the disappearance of the characteristic SFAs and the recombination of the spin-split bands that leads to the annihilation of Weyl points with opposite chirality. These results not only reveal important insights on the interplay between the magnetism and band topology in TWSs, but also provide a method to control their exotic physical properties.