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Journal Article

Two-dimensional conjugated metal-organic frameworks for electrocatalysis: opportunities and challenges


Feng,  Xinliang       
Department of Synthetic Materials and Functional Devices (SMFD), Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Zhong, H., Wang, M., Chen, G., Dong, R., & Feng, X. (2022). Two-dimensional conjugated metal-organic frameworks for electrocatalysis: opportunities and challenges. ACS Nano, 16(2), 1759-1780. doi:10.1021/acsnano.1c10544.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-0865-C
A highly effective electrocatalyst is the central component of advanced electrochemical energy conversion. Recently, two-dimensional conjugated metal-organic frameworks (2D c-MOFs) have emerged as a class of promising electrocatalysts because of their advantages including 2D layered structure with high in-plane conjugation, intrinsic electrical conductivity, permanent pores, large surface area, chemical stability, and structural diversity. In this Review, we summarize the recent advances of 2D c-MOF electrocatalysts for electrochemical energy conversion. First, we introduce the chemical design principles and synthetic strategies of the reported 2D c-MOFs, as well as the functional design for the electrocatalysis. Subsequently, we present the representative 2D c-MOF electrocatalysts in various electrochemical reactions, such as hydrogen/oxygen evolution, and reduction reactions of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen. We highlight the strategies for the structural design and property tuning of 2D c-MOF electrocatalysts to boost the catalytic performance, and we offer our perspectives in regard to the challenges to be overcome.