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Probing Cosmology with Baryon Acoustic Oscillations using Gravitational Waves


Kumar,  Sumit
Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Kumar, S. (in preparation). Probing Cosmology with Baryon Acoustic Oscillations using Gravitational Waves.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-194E-4
The third-generation (3G) GW detectors such as the Einstein telescope (ET) or
Cosmic Explorer (CE) are expected to play an important role in cosmology. With
the help of 3G detectors, we will be able to probe the large-scale structure
(LSS) features such as baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO), galaxy bias, etc. We
explore the possibility to do precision cosmology, with the 3G GW detectors by
measuring the angular BAO scale using localization volumes of compact binary
merger events. The BAO are the imprints of the early Universe on the
distribution of matter and it provides a standard scale which can be treated as
a cosmic ruler. Through simulations, we show that with a 3G detector network,
by probing the angular BAO scale using purely GW observations, we can constrain
the Hubble constant for the standard model of cosmology ($\Lambda$CDM) with
$90\%$ credible regions as $H_0 = 64.01^{+ 15.25}_{-14.47}$. When combined with
BAO measurements from galaxy surveys, we show that it can be used to constrain
various models of cosmology such as parametrized models for dark energy
equations of state.