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Journal Article

Ultrafast spot-profile LEED of a charge-density wave phase transition


Ropers,  C.       
Department of Ultrafast Dynamics, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Storeck, G., Rossnagek, K., & Ropers, C. (2021). Ultrafast spot-profile LEED of a charge-density wave phase transition. Applied Physics Letters, 118(22): 221603. doi:10.1063/5.0052603.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-1F72-4
We investigate the optically driven phase transition between two charge-density wave (CDW) states at the surface of tantalum disulfide (1T-TaS2). Specifically, we employ a recently improved ultrafast low-energy electron diffraction setup to study the transition from the nearly commensurate to the incommensurate (IC) CDW state. The experimental setup allows us to follow transient changes in the diffraction pattern with high momentum resolution and 1-ps electron pulse duration. In particular, we trace the diffraction intensities and spot profiles of the crystal lattice, including main and CDW superstructure peaks, as well as the diffuse background. Harnessing the enhanced data quality of the instrumental upgrade, we follow the laser-induced transient disorder in the system and perform a spot-profile analysis that yields a substantial IC-peak broadening for very short time scales followed by a prolonged spot narrowing.