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Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without susceptibility artifacts: single-shot stimulated echo acquisition mode (STEAM) MRI with iterative reconstruction and spatial regularization

MPS-Authors

Voit,  D.
Research Group of Biomedical NMR, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

Kalentev,  O.
Research Group of Biomedical NMR, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Frahm,  J.
Research Group of Biomedical NMR, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Voit, D., Kalentev, O., & Frahm, J. (2021). Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without susceptibility artifacts: single-shot stimulated echo acquisition mode (STEAM) MRI with iterative reconstruction and spatial regularization. Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery, 11, 831-837. doi:10.21037/qims-20-871.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-76F4-E
Abstract
This work describes a new method for diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without susceptibility artifacts. The technique combines a DW spin-echo module and a single-shot stimulated echo acquisition mode (STEAM) MRI readout with undersampled radial trajectories and covers a volume by a gapless series of cross-sectional slices. In a first step, optimal coil sensitivities for all slices are obtained from a series of non-DW acquisitions by nonlinear inverse reconstruction with regularization to the image and coil sensitivities of a directly neighboring slice. In a second step, these coil sensitivities are used to compute all series of non-DW and DW images by linear inverse reconstruction with spatial regularization to a neighboring image. Proof-of-principle applications to the brain (51 sections) and prostate (31 sections) of healthy subjects were realized for a protocol with two b-values and 6 gradient directions at 3 T. Including averaging the measuring times for studies of the brain at 1.0×1.0×3.0 mm3 resolution (b =1,000 s mm−2) and prostate at 1.4×1.4×3.0 mm3 resolution (b =600 s mm-2) were 2.5 min and 4.5 min, respectively. All reconstructions were accomplished online with use of a multi-GPU computer integrated into the MRI system. The resulting non-DW images, mean DW images averaged across directions and maps of the apparent diffusion coefficient confirm the absence of geometric distortions or false signal alterations and demonstrate diagnostic image quality. The novel method for DW STEAM MRI of a volume without susceptibility artifacts warrants extended clinical trials.