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Journal Article

Real-time evolution of static electron-phonon models in time-dependent electric fields


Weber,  Manuel
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Weber, M., & Freericks, J. K. (2022). Real-time evolution of static electron-phonon models in time-dependent electric fields. Physical Review E, 105(2): 025301. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.105.025301.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-3BEF-8
We present an exact Monte Carlo method to simulate the nonequilibrium dynamics of electron-phonon models in the adiabatic limit of zero phonon frequency. The classical nature of the phonons allows us to sample the equilibrium phonon distribution and efficiently evolve the electronic subsystem in a time-dependent electromagnetic field for each phonon configuration. We demonstrate that our approach is particularly useful for charge-density-wave systems experiencing pulsed electric fields, as they appear in pump-probe experiments. For the half-filled Holstein model in one and two dimensions, we calculate the out-of-equilibrium response of the current and the energy after a pulse is applied as well as the photoemission spectrum before and after the pump. Finite-size effects are under control for chains of 162 sites (in one dimension) or 16 x 16 square lattices (in two