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Reduced auxin signalling through the cyclophilin DIAGEOTROPICA impacts tomato fruit development and metabolism during ripening

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Medeiros,  D.B.
Central Metabolism, Department Willmitzer, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

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Fernie,  A. R.
Central Metabolism, Department Willmitzer, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Batista-Silva, W., de Oliveira, Carvalho, A., Oliveira Martins, A., Siqueira, J. A., Rodrigues-Salvador, A., et al. (2022). Reduced auxin signalling through the cyclophilin DIAGEOTROPICA impacts tomato fruit development and metabolism during ripening. Journal of Experimental Botany, 73(12), 4113-4128. doi:10.1093/jxb/erac143.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-388E-8
Abstract
Auxin is an important hormone playing crucial roles during fruit growth and ripening, however, the metabolic impact of changes in auxin signalling during tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) ripening remains unclear. Here, we investigated the significance of changes in auxin signalling during different stages of fruit development by analysing changes in tomato fruit quality and primary metabolism using mutants with either lower or higher auxin sensitivity [diageotropica (dgt) and entire mutants, respectively]. Altered auxin sensitivity modifies metabolism, through direct impacts on fruit respiration and fruit growth. We verified that the dgt mutant plants exhibit reductions in fruit set, total fruit dry weight, fruit size, number of seeds per fruit, and fresh weight loss during post-harvest. Sugar accumulation was associated with delayed fruit ripening in dgt, likely connected with reduced ethylene levels and respiration, coupled with a lower rate of starch degradation. By contrast, despite exhibiting parthenocarpy, increased auxin perception (entire) did not alter fruit ripening, leading to only minor changes in primary metabolism. By performing a comprehensive analysis our results connect auxin signalling and metabolic changes during tomato fruit development, indicating that reduced auxin signalling led to extensive changes in sugar content and starch metabolism during tomato fruit ripening.