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Journal Article

Design of High-Temperature Syntheses on the Example of the Heavy-Atom Cluster Compound Sn[PtBi6I12]


Ruck,  Michael
Michael Ruck, Max Planck Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society;

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Herz, M. A., Finzel, K., & Ruck, M. (2022). Design of High-Temperature Syntheses on the Example of the Heavy-Atom Cluster Compound Sn[PtBi6I12]. Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, e202200080, pp. 1-8. doi:10.1002/zaac.202200080.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-78F4-C
Investigations into potential topological materials yielded the new subiodide Sn[PtBi6I12]. The combination of thermal analyses with phase analyses of the products of isothermal ex situ syntheses allowed the establishment of a complex high-temperature synthesis protocol for the crystal growth of the target phase despite the lack of knowledge of the quaternary phase diagram. A special challenge was to prevent the formation of competing compounds of the solid solution series (Bi2xSn1-3x)[PtBi6I12] with x not equal 0. Sn[PtBi6I12] crystallizes, isostructural to Pb[PtBi6I12], in the rhombohedral space group R3? with lattice parameters a=1583.2(2) pm and c=1089.70(10) pm. The compound consists of cuboctahedral [PtBi6I12](2-) clusters and Sn2+ cations in an octahedral coordination between the trigonal faces of two cluster units, thereby concatenating them into infinite linear chains. The chains are connected via BiMIDLINE HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS I inter-cluster bridges, creating a high-entropy variant of the NaCl structure type. Sn[PtBi6I12] is a semiconductor with an experimental bandgap of 0.8(1) eV. Fully relativistic density functional theory calculations including an implementation of the bifunctional formalism for the exchange energy indicate a topologically trivial bandgap of 0.81 eV between bands that are dominated by contributions of bismuth and iodine.