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Journal Article

Non-orientable link cobordisms and torsion order in Floer homologies


Marengon,  Marco
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

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Gong, S., & Marengon, M. (2023). Non-orientable link cobordisms and torsion order in Floer homologies. Algebraic & Geometric Topology, 23(6), 2627-2672. doi:10.48550/arXiv.2010.06577.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-7B88-3
We use unoriented versions of instanton and knot Floer homology to prove inequalities involving the Euler characteristic and the number of local maxima appearing in unorientable cobordisms, which mirror results of a recent paper by Juhasz, Miller, and Zemke concerning orientable cobordisms. Most of the subtlety in our argument lies in the fact that maps for non-orientable cobordisms require more complicated decorations than their orientable counterparts. We introduce unoriented versions of the band unknotting number and the refined cobordism distance and apply our results to give bounds on these based on the torsion orders of the Floer homologies. Finally, we show that the difference between the unoriented refined cobordism distance of a knot $K$ from the unknot and the non-orientable slice genus of $K$ can be arbitrarily large.