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Disambiguation of Vector Magnetograms by Stereoscopic Observations from the Solar Orbiter (SO)/Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager (PHI) and the Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO)/Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI)

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Valori,  Gherardo
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

Löschl,  Philipp
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Hirzberger,  Johann
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Valori, G., Löschl, P., Stansby, D., Pariat, E., Hirzberger, J., & Chen, F. (2022). Disambiguation of Vector Magnetograms by Stereoscopic Observations from the Solar Orbiter (SO)/Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager (PHI) and the Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO)/Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI). Solar Physics, 297: 12. doi:10.1007/s11207-021-01942-x.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-8DC4-A
Abstract
Spectropolarimetric reconstructions of the photospheric vector magnetic field are intrinsically limited by the 180∘ ambiguity in the orientation of the transverse component. The successful launch and operation of Solar Orbiter have made the removal of the 180∘ ambiguity possible using solely observations obtained from two different vantage points. While the exploitation of such a possibility is straightforward in principle, it is less so in practice, and it is therefore important to assess the accuracy and limitations as a function of both the spacecrafts’ orbits and measurement principles. In this work, we present a stereoscopic disambiguation method (SDM) and discuss thorough testing of its accuracy in applications to modeled active regions and quiet-Sun observations. In the first series of tests, we employ magnetograms extracted from three different numerical simulations as test fields and model observations of the magnetograms from different angles and distances. In these more idealized tests, SDM is proven to reach a 100% disambiguation accuracy when applied to moderately-to-well resolved fields. In such favorable conditions, the accuracy is almost independent of the relative position of the spacecraft with the obvious exceptions of configurations where the spacecraft are within a few degrees of co-alignment or quadrature. Even in the case of disambiguation of quiet-Sun magnetograms with significant under-resolved spatial scales, SDM provides an accuracy between 82% and 98%, depending on the field strength. The accuracy of SDM is found to be mostly sensitive to the variable spatial resolution of Solar Orbiter in its highly elliptic orbit, as well as to the intrinsic spatial scale of the observed field. Additionally, we provide an example of the expected accuracy as a function of time that can be used to optimally place remote-sensing observing windows during Solar Orbiter observation planning. Finally, as a more realistic test, we consider magnetograms that are obtained using a radiative-transfer inversion code and the SO/PHI Software siMulator (SOPHISM) applied to a 3D-simulation of a pore, and we present a preliminary discussion of the effect of the viewing angle on the observed field. In this more realistic test of the application of SDM, the method is able to successfully remove the ambiguity in strong-field areas.