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Compartmentalizing the embryo: lipids and septate junction mediated barrier function

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Ile,  KE
Research Group Extracellular Lipid Signaling in Drosophila Development, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Renault,  AD
Research Group Extracellular Lipid Signaling in Drosophila Development, Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Ile, K., & Renault, A. (2013). Compartmentalizing the embryo: lipids and septate junction mediated barrier function. Fly, 7(1), 18-22. doi:10.4161/fly.22938.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-AEAA-3
Abstract
Lipid phosphate phosphatases (LPPs) are a class of enzymes that can dephosphorylate a number of lysophopholipids in vitro. Analysis of knockouts of LPP family members has demonstrated striking but diverse developmental roles for these enzymes. LPP3 is required for mouse vascular development while the Drosophila LPPs Wunen (Wun) and Wunen2 (Wun2) are required during embryogenesis for germ cell migration and survival. In a recent publication we examined if these fly LPPs have further developmental roles and found that Wun is required for proper tracheal formation. In particular we highlight a role for Wun in septate junction mediated barrier function in the tracheal system. In this paper we discuss further the possible mechanisms by which LPPs may influence barrier activity.