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Optimization of mass spectrometry settings for steroidomic analysis in young and old killifish

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Dabrowski,  R.
Graef – Autophagy and Cellular Ageing, Max Planck Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

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Ripa,  R.
Department Antebi - Molecular Genetics of Ageing, Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

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Latza,  C.
Department Antebi - Molecular Genetics of Ageing, Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

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Annibal,  A.
Department Antebi - Molecular Genetics of Ageing, Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

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Antebi,  Adam
Department Antebi - Molecular Genetics of Ageing, Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Dabrowski, R., Ripa, R., Latza, C., Annibal, A., & Antebi, A. (2020). Optimization of mass spectrometry settings for steroidomic analysis in young and old killifish. Anal Bioanal Chem, 412(17), 4089-4099. doi:10.1007/s00216-020-02640-6.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000B-2DA7-7
Abstract
Steroids are essential structural components of cell membranes that organize lipid rafts and modulate membrane fluidity. They can also act as signalling molecules that work through nuclear and G protein-coupled receptors to impact health and disease. Notably, changes in steroid levels have been implicated in metabolic, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, but how alterations in the steroid pool affect ageing is less well understood. One of the major challenges in steroidomic analysis is the ability to simultaneously detect and distinguish various steroids due to low in vivo concentrations and naturally occurring stereoisomers. Here, we established such a method to study the mass spectrometry behaviour of nine sterols/steroids and related molecules (cholesterol precursors: squalene, lanosterol; sterol metabolites; 7 Dehydrocholesterol, 24, 25 and 27 Hydroxycholesterol; and steroids: progesterone, testosterone, and corticosterone) during ageing in the African turquoise killifish, a new model for studying vertebrate longevity. We find that levels of all tested steroids change significantly with age in multiple tissues, suggesting that specific steroids could be used as biomarkers of ageing. These findings pave the way for use of Nothobranchius furzeri as a novel model organism to unravel the role of sterols/steroids in ageing and age-related diseases. Graphical abstract.