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ATP allosterically stabilizes Integrin-linked kinase for efficient force generation

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Nava,  M. M.
Wickström – Skin Homeostasis and Ageing, Max Planck Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

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Wickström,  S. A.
Wickström – Skin Homeostasis and Ageing, Max Planck Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Martin, I. M., Nava, M. M., Wickström, S. A., & Gräter, F. (2022). ATP allosterically stabilizes Integrin-linked kinase for efficient force generation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2021.03.30.437490. doi:10.1101/2021.03.30.437490.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000B-2D6D-A
Abstract
Focal adhesions link the actomyosin cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix regulating cell adhesion, shape, and migration. Adhesions are dynamically assembled and disassembled in response to extrinsic and intrinsic forces, but how the essential adhesion component intergrin-linked kinase (ILK) dynamically responds to mechanical force and what role ATP bound to this pseudokinase plays remains elusive. Here, we apply force-probe molecular dynamics simulations of human ILK:α-parvin coupled to traction force microscopy to explore ILK mechanotransducing functions. We identify two key saltbridge-forming arginines within the allosteric, ATP-dependent force-propagation network of ILK. Disrupting this network by mutation impedes parvin binding, focal adhesion stabilization, force generation, and thus migration. Under tension, ATP shifts the balance from rupture of the complex to protein unfolding, indicating that ATP increases the force threshold required for focal adhesion disassembly. Our study proposes a new role of ATP as an obligatory binding partner for structural and mechanical integrity of the pseudokinase ILK, ensuring efficient cellular force generation and migration.Competing Interest StatementThe authors have declared no competing interest.