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Book Chapter

Monkey hunting in Early to Mid-Holocene eastern Java (Indonesia)


Amano,  Noel
Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

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Amano, N., Ingicco, T., Moigne, A.-M., Sémah, A.-M., Simanjuntak, T., & Sémah, F. (2022). Monkey hunting in Early to Mid-Holocene eastern Java (Indonesia). In B. Urbani, D. Youlatos, & A. T. Antczak (Eds.), World archaeoprimatology: interconnections of humans and nonhuman primates in the past (pp. 474-496). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781108766500.025.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-CF48-D
In this chapter, we explore the patterns of nonhuman primate exploitation in Early to Mid-Holocene East Java by looking at the faunal assemblage recovered from excavations in Braholo Cave. Cercopithecid specimens account for more than 50% of the animal remains recovered from the site. Of these, 90% were identified to represent the Javan langur (Trachypithecus auratus), suggesting deliberate hunting of this arboreal species. Age-at-death profiles demonstrate targeting of prime-aged adults and skeletal element representation suggests onsite carcass processing. We observed consistent placement of butchery marks on specific skeletal elements, indicative of routine carcass processing that also involved preparation of skeletal elements for bone tool manufacture. We discuss our findings in the framework of early hunter-gatherer subsistence economies in the region.