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Journal Article

Patterns of tubb2b promoter-driven fluorescence in the forebrain of larval Xenopus laevis

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Daume, D., Offner, T., Hassenkloever, T., & Manzini, I. (2022). Patterns of tubb2b promoter-driven fluorescence in the forebrain of larval Xenopus laevis. Frontiers in Neuroanatomy, 16: 914281. doi:10.3389/fnana.2022.914281.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-D383-3
Microtubules are essential components of the cytoskeleton of all eukaryotic cells and consist of alpha- and beta-tubulin heterodimers. Several tissue-specific isotypes of alpha- and beta-tubulins, encoded by distinct genes, have been described in vertebrates. In the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis), class II beta-tubulin (tubb2b) is expressed exclusively in neurons, and its promoter is used to establish different transgenic frog lines. However, a thorough investigation of the expression pattern of tubb2b has not been carried out yet. In this study, we describe the expression of tubb2b-dependent Katushka fluorescence in the forebrain of premetamorphic Xenopus laevis at cellular resolution. To determine the exact location of Katushka-positive neurons in the forebrain nuclei and to verify the extent of neuronal Katushka expression, we used a transgenic frog line and performed several additional antibody stainings. We found tubb2b-dependent fluorescence throughout the Xenopus forebrain, but not in all neurons. In the olfactory bulb, tubb2b-dependent fluorescence is present in axonal projections from the olfactory epithelium, cells in the mitral cell layer, and fibers of the extrabulbar system, but not in interneurons. We also detected tubb2b-dependent fluorescence in parts of the basal ganglia, the amygdaloid complex, the pallium, the optic nerve, the preoptic area, and the hypothalamus. In the diencephalon, tubb2b-dependent fluorescence occurred mainly in the prethalamus and thalamus. As in the olfactory system, not all neurons of these forebrain regions exhibited tubb2b-dependent fluorescence. Together, our results present a detailed overview of the distribution of tubb2b-dependent fluorescence in neurons of the forebrain of larval Xenopus laevis and clearly show that tubb2b-dependent fluorescence cannot be used as a pan-neuronal marker.