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Journal Article

Nanoscale organization of the MHC I peptide-loading complex in human dendritic cells.


Barends,  Martina
IMPRS, Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, Max Planck Society;

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Koller, N., Hollthaler, P., Barends, M., Doring, M., Spahn, C., Duran, V., et al. (2022). Nanoscale organization of the MHC I peptide-loading complex in human dendritic cells. Cellular and molecular life sciences: CMLS, 79(9): 477. doi:10.1007/s00018-022-04472-2.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-D750-9
Dendritic cells (DCs) translate local innate immune responses into long-lasting adaptive immunity by priming antigen-specific T cells. Accordingly, there is an ample interest in exploiting DCs for therapeutic purposes, e.g., in personalized immunotherapies. Despite recent advances in elucidating molecular pathways of antigen processing, in DCs the exact spatial organization of the underlying processes is largely unknown. Here, we unraveled the nanoscale organization of the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP)-dependent peptide-loading machinery in human monocyte-derived DCs (moDC). We detected an unexpected accumulation of MHCI peptide-loading complexes (PLCs) and TAP-dependent peptide compartmentalization in protrusions of activated DCs. Using single-molecule localization microscopy we revealed that PLCs display homogeneously sized assemblies, independent of the DC activation status or cellular localization. Our data indicate that moDCs show augmentation of subcellular PLC density during DC maturation. We observed a twofold density increase in the cell body, while an even fourfold accumulation was detected in the tips of the protrusions at the mature DC stage in comparison to immature DCs. In these tip regions, PLC assemblies are found along highly compressed tubular ER networks. These findings provide novel insights into nanoscale organization of the antigen presentation machinery, and open new perspectives on the Tcell stimulatory capacity of DCs. © 2022. The Author(s).