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Journal Article

Higher-order topological phases on fractal lattices


Manna,  Sourav
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Manna, S., Nandy, S., & Roy, B. (2022). Higher-order topological phases on fractal lattices. Physical Review B, 105(20): L201301. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.105.L201301.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-E469-F
Electronic materials harbor a plethora of exotic quantum phases, ranging from unconventional superconduc-tors to non-Fermi liquids and, more recently, topological phases of matter. While these quantum phases in integer dimensions are well characterized by now, their presence in fractional dimensions remains vastly unexplored. Here, we theoretically show that a special class of crystalline phases, namely, higher-order topological phases that via an extended bulk-boundary correspondence feature robust gapless modes on lower-dimensional bound-aries, such as corners and hinges, can be found on a representative family of fractional materials: quantum fractals. To anchor this general proposal, we demonstrate realizations of second-order topological insulators and superconductors, supporting charged and neutral Majorana corner modes on planar Sierpi??ski carpet and triangle fractals, respectively. These predictions can be experimentally tested on designer electronic fractal materials, as well as on various highly tunable metamaterial platforms, such as photonic and acoustic lattices.