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Journal Article

First observation of optical activity in hyper-rayleigh scattering


Fischer,  P.
Optical Nanoscopy, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Collins, J., Rusimova, K., Hooper, D., Jeong, H. H., Ohnoutek, L., Pradaux-Caggiano, F., et al. (2019). First observation of optical activity in hyper-rayleigh scattering. Physical Review X, 9: 011024, pp. 011024-1-011024-10. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.011024.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000B-281A-C
Chiral nano- or metamaterials and surfaces enable striking photonic properties, such as negative refractive index and superchiral light, driving promising applications in novel optical components, nanorobotics, and enhanced chiral molecular interactions with light. In characterizing chirality, although nonlinear chiroptical techniques are typically much more sensitive than their linear optical counterparts, separating true chirality from anisotropy is a major challenge. Here, we report the first observation of optical activity in second-harmonic hyper-Rayleigh scattering (HRS). We demonstrate the effect in a 3D isotropic suspension of Ag nanohelices in water. The effect is 5 orders of magnitude stronger than linear optical activity and is well pronounced above the multiphoton luminescence background. Because of its sensitivity, isotropic environment, and straightforward experimental geometry, HRS optical activity constitutes a fundamental experimental breakthrough in chiral photonics for media including nanomaterials, metamaterials, and chemical molecules.