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Generalized Higgs mechanism in long-range interacting quantum systems


Diessel,  Oriana
Theory, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
MCQST - Munich Center for Quantum Science and Technology, External Organizations;

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Diessel, O., Diehl, S., Defenu, N., Rosch, A., & Chiocchetta, A. (submitted). Generalized Higgs mechanism in long-range interacting quantum systems.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-F739-0
The physics of long-range interacting quantum systems is currently living a
renaissance driven by the fast progress in quantum simulators. In these systems
many paradigms of statistical physics do not apply and also the universal
long-wavelength physics gets substantially modified by the presence of
long-ranged forces. Here we explore the low-energy excitations of several
long-range interacting quantum systems, including spin models and interacting
Bose gases, in the ordered phase associated with the spontaneous breaking of
U(1) and SU(2) symmetries. Instead of the expected Goldstone modes, we find
three qualitatively different regimes, depending on the range of the
interaction. In one of these regimes the Goldstone modes are gapped, via a
generalization of the Higgs mechanism. Moreover, we show how this effect is
realized in current experiments with ultracold atomic gases in optical