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Functional and structural features of L2/3 pyramidal cells continuously covary with pial depth in mouse visual cortex

MPS-Authors
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Weiler,  S.
Department: Synapses-Circuits-Plasticity / Bonhoeffer, MPI of Neurobiology, Max Planck Society;

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Guggiana Nilo,  Drago
Department: Synapses-Circuits-Plasticity / Bonhoeffer, MPI of Neurobiology, Max Planck Society;

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Bonhoeffer,  Tobias
Department: Synapses-Circuits-Plasticity / Bonhoeffer, MPI of Neurobiology, Max Planck Society;

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Hubener,  M.
Department: Synapses-Circuits-Plasticity / Bonhoeffer, MPI of Neurobiology, Max Planck Society;

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Rose,  T.
Department: Synapses-Circuits-Plasticity / Bonhoeffer, MPI of Neurobiology, Max Planck Society;

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Scheuss,  V.
Department: Synapses-Circuits-Plasticity / Bonhoeffer, MPI of Neurobiology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Weiler, S., Guggiana Nilo, D., Bonhoeffer, T., Hubener, M., Rose, T., & Scheuss, V. (2022). Functional and structural features of L2/3 pyramidal cells continuously covary with pial depth in mouse visual cortex. Cerebral Cortex, bhac303. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhac303.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000A-FF78-1
Abstract
Pyramidal cells of neocortical layer 2/3 (L2/3 PyrCs) integrate signals from numerous brain areas and project throughout the neocortex. These PyrCs show pial depth-dependent functional and structural specializations, indicating participation in different functional microcircuits. However, whether these depth-dependent differences result from separable PyrC subtypes or whether their features display a continuum correlated with pial depth is unknown. Here, we assessed the stimulus selectivity, electrophysiological properties, dendritic morphology, and excitatory and inhibitory connectivity across the depth of L2/3 in the binocular visual cortex of mice. We find that the apical, but not the basal dendritic tree structure, varies with pial depth, which is accompanied by variation in subthreshold electrophysiological properties. Lower L2/3 PyrCs receive increased input from L4, while upper L2/3 PyrCs receive a larger proportion of intralaminar input. In vivo calcium imaging revealed a systematic change in visual responsiveness, with deeper PyrCs showing more robust responses than superficial PyrCs. Furthermore, deeper PyrCs are more driven by contralateral than ipsilateral eye stimulation. Importantly, the property value transitions are gradual, and L2/3 PyrCs do not display discrete subtypes based on these parameters. Therefore, L2/3 PyrCs' multiple functional and structural properties systematically correlate with their depth, forming a continuum rather than discrete subtypes.