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Journal Article

Ageing at the margins: gendered and southern narratives of displacement among the East Timorese in Indonesia


Sakti,  Victoria K.       
Research Group Ageing in a Time of Mobility, MPI for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity, Max Planck Society;

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Sakti, V. K. (2023). Ageing at the margins: gendered and southern narratives of displacement among the East Timorese in Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 49(4), 1065-1081. doi:10.1080/1369183X.2022.2115632.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000B-3122-7
Existing literature on older refugees has primarily focused on the experiences of those living in more developed countries in the global North. This paper examines later-life experiences in displacement settings and the global South by discussing the East Timorese case in West Timor, Indonesia. In considering how the ageing and forced migation nexus manifests in a Southern context, the paper argues that global, regional and local histories matter and profoundly shape older people’s ageing and displacement processes. Specifically, they produce multiple gendered marginalities and possibilities relating to older persons’ perceived (im)mobility to travel to their places of origin and the meanings they attach to place. Although East Timorese people’s experiences of displacement and resettlement are diverse, the male perspective often takes precedence in scholarly and public discourse. This article thus zooms into older East Timorese women’s experiences and how after over two decades of living in Indonesia, the conditions shaping their everyday lives remain deeply entangled and are negotiated within the gendered narratives of displacement and citizenship.