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An overview of bioinformatics, genomics, and transcriptomics resources for bryophytes

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Fernandez-Pozo, N., Haas, F., Gould, S., & Rensing, S. (2022). An overview of bioinformatics, genomics, and transcriptomics resources for bryophytes. Journal of Experimental Botany, 73(13), 4291-4305. doi:10.1093/jxb/erac052.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000B-3320-7
Bryophytes are useful models for the study of plant evolution, development, plant-fungal symbiosis, stress responses, and gametogenesis. Additionally, their dominant haploid gametophytic phase makes them great models for functional genomics research, allowing straightforward genome editing and gene knockout via CRISPR or homologous recombination. Until 2016, however, the only bryophyte genome sequence published was that of Physcomitrium patens. Throughout recent years, several other bryophyte genomes and transcriptome datasets became available, enabling better comparative genomics in evolutionary studies. The increase in the number of bryophyte genome and transcriptome resources available has yielded a plethora of annotations, databases, and bioinformatics tools to access the new data, which covers the large diversity of this clade and whose biology comprises features such as association with arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi, sex chromosomes, low gene redundancy, or loss of RNA editing genes for organellar transcripts. Here we provide a guide to resources available for bryophytes with regards to genome and transcriptome databases and bioinformatics tools.