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Journal Article

On the encoding of natural music in computational models and human brains


Kim,  Seung-Goo       
Research Group Neurocognition of Music and Language, Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Max Planck Society;

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Kim, S.-G. (2022). On the encoding of natural music in computational models and human brains. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 16: 928841. doi:10.3389/fnins.2022.928841.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000B-4D60-3
This article discusses recent developments and advances in the neuroscience of music to understand the nature of musical emotion. In particular, it highlights how system identification techniques and computational models of music have advanced our understanding of how the human brain processes the textures and structures of music and how the processed information evokes emotions. Musical models relate physical properties of stimuli to internal representations called features, and predictive models relate features to neural or behavioral responses and test their predictions against independent unseen data. The new frameworks do not require orthogonalized stimuli in controlled experiments to establish reproducible knowledge, which has opened up a new wave of naturalistic neuroscience. The current review focuses on how this trend has transformed the domain of the neuroscience of music.