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Journal Article

Genomic analysis reveals a novel nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)-binding site in Alu-repetitive elements


Demetriades,  C.
Demetriades – Cell Growth Control in Health and Age-related Disease, Max Planck Research Groups, Max Planck Institute for Biology of Ageing, Max Planck Society;

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Antonaki, A., Demetriades, C., Polyzos, A., Banos, A., Vatsellas, G., Lavigne, M. D., et al. (2011). Genomic analysis reveals a novel nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)-binding site in Alu-repetitive elements. J Biol Chem, 286(44), 38768-82. doi:10.1074/jbc.M111.234161.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000B-B3EF-E
The transcription factor NF-kappaB is a critical regulator of immune responses. To determine how NF-kappaB builds transcriptional control networks, we need to obtain a topographic map of the factor bound to the genome and correlate it with global gene expression. We used a ChIP cloning technique and identified novel NF-kappaB target genes in response to virus infection. We discovered that most of the NF-kappaB-bound genomic sites deviate from the consensus and are located away from conventional promoter regions. Remarkably, we identified a novel abundant NF-kappaB-binding site residing in specialized Alu-repetitive elements having the potential for long range transcription regulation, thus suggesting that in addition to its known role, NF-kappaB has a primate-specific function and a role in human evolution. By combining these data with global gene expression profiling of virus-infected cells, we found that most of the sites bound by NF-kappaB in the human genome do not correlate with changes in gene expression of the nearby genes and they do not appear to function in the context of synthetic promoters. These results demonstrate that repetitive elements interspersed in the human genome function as common target sites for transcription factors and may play an important role in expanding the repertoire of binding sites to engage new genes into regulatory networks.